Plant Growth & Development: Epigenetics
Plants depend on epigenetic processes for proper function. Epigenetics is ‘‘the study of changes in gene function that are mitotically and/or meiotically heritable and that do not entail a change in DNA sequence’’. Epigenetic processes examine protein interactions with DNA and its associated components, including histones and various modifications such as methylation, which alter the rate or target of transcription. There has been scientific enthusiasm for the study of epigenetics in plants because of their long-standing importance in agriculture. The respective session of Plant Genomics Conference deals with major fields like plant epigenetic modifications, plant gene expressions, seed dormancy and flowering mechanisms.